Managing Disease Through Prevention and Early Detection
Health, as defined by the World Health Organization, is a condition characterized by a capacity to live an active and healthy life. Different definitions have been applied to the concept of health, but they all reflect a desire to make the patient feel better and more fit. Health is a general concern that affects everyone, with little regard to age or any other innate characteristic. In other words, health is a quality of life that is not just desirable for the patient, but for those surrounding them as well.
Mental health, on the other hand, is related to the capacity to cope with distress in everyday life as well as achieving well-being. Mental health is also influenced by the patient’s capacity to interact socially and relate to others. The concepts of well-being and health are interdependent, with the two concepts usually being thought of as mutually dependent upon each other. However, a good health is often a result of good health practices and a reduction in the risk for health disorders as well as illness.
There has been some movement within the field of public health to change the way that people experience illness and disability. For instance, the Illness Policy seeks to define a patient’s illness and disability as well as the impact that their illness and disability have on their ability to perform work and participate in day to day life. This policy places greater emphasis on self-care, promotes active participation by patients and their families, and makes it easier for people to avail themselves of appropriate healthcare services. Although this policy does not directly address mental health or well-being, the increase in awareness of this type of policy is seen as a step towards encouraging improvements in these aspects.
The National Association of State Boards of Health and Human Services has also produced a series of policy statements that attempt to improve the wellbeing of persons with intellectual disabilities. This association also advocates the use of a comprehensive public health program in order to improve the physical health and the mental health of all persons. In addition to these public health programs, many states are working towards developing more specific public mental health policies. These policies generally seek to address issues such as violence towards the elderly and children, suicide, mental health concerns, the impact of alcohol and drug abuse on health, and other issues that affect the well-being of persons with intellectual disabilities.
There is also debate regarding the importance of a focus on wellbeing versus the imperative of treating illnesses. Some argue that a focus on mental health alone will not ensure a person’s wellbeing or prevent illness. In addition to the medical model, there exists the social model, which suggests that the social support of family and friends plays an important role in a person’s mental health and wellbeing. This focus on mental health and illness is part of the aging process. According to research, elderly individuals that see the value of caring for themselves are happier and healthier than those who do not. In addition to medical models and public mental health policies, elderly individuals are encouraged to engage in activities that promote wellbeing.
Illness, death, and other life course transitions affect people throughout their lives. This transition is especially important for persons who have disabilities that make it difficult to function throughout their lives. It is important for the public to understand that disability is not inevitable during life. The development of policies that address the different needs of the elderly, children, and mentally healthy individuals is necessary to ensure their wellness throughout their lives. These strategies involve an assessment of the risks for disability, an evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of their current lifestyle, and strategies for managing disease through prevention and early identification. This assessment of the risks of disability, combined with an evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the current lifestyle, can be used by organizations to promote healthy life course transitions and to reduce the rates of disability onset and transitions.